The political views of Gorkha Dal
“Often, when introducing political change, the public’s expectation is elevated. It is also true that when the public’s expectation is elevated, they become impatient – they want the promised changes to materialize soon. When those expectations don’t materialize, other political parties can capitalize on it– and the public can be swayed”, Ganesh Man Singh shares about public discontent with Mathbar Singh before introducing the Gorkha Dal.
Khukuri Dal, a pro-Rana political party which had worked hard to disallow democratic reform in Nepal prior to the Falgun 7 Proclamation by King Tribhuvan had transformed itself into Gorkha Dal. It still was a pro-Rana party, and was trying to win the public’s confidence by calling Nepali Congress a puppet of India, and that its members were foreign agents. They told Nepali public that the Delhi Accord was a one-sided agreement, and Nepali Congress had handed over the keys of Nepal’s sovereign status to India.
“On the other hand, the emerging communists were hell bent on pushing the same narrative. Both parties, the communists and the Gorkha Dal were trying to tell the public that NC was anti-Nepali”, Singh shared.
“Besides a shared grievance against NC, the two parties did not see eye to eye on any other political issues”, he added.
“However, the communists weren’t bold enough to hold political rallies, whereas the Khukuri Dal was”.
Khukuri Dal was the led by the grandson of Babar Shumsher, Bharat Shumsher JBR his political advisor Ranadhir Subba. According to Singh, the Gorkha Dal had the support of then Rana PM Mohan Shumsher, Defense Minister Babar Shumsher, and several other Ranas who were aggrieved of being ridden of their political status.
And worse, they were continuing their pre-democracy practice of spreading terror within the public.
Gorkha Dal’s activities become a national problem:
After transforming into Gorkha Dal, reports of terror activities by the organization were on the rise – for example, they were being involved in a large number of unpeaceful assemblies. Their terrors echoed in Kathmandu Valley and beyond. When leaders of other districts arrived in Kathmandu to complain about the Dal, they would retrace their steps back to their homes after seeing a pitiable state of affairs in Kathmandu.
In several areas, local youth had formed anti-terror units – they would patrol the streets to prevent Gorkha Dal from creating any untoward situation. Similarly, as the two factions clashed, the government feared further violence – particularly because members of Gorkha Dal had direct access to Babar Shumsher’s arsenal.
The situation was worsening – and action was necessary.
Nepal’s internal security was the responsibility of its Home Ministry – which meant B P Koirala and Nepali Congress had to work towards ensuring peace and stability to its people. For that purpose, the reorganization of Nepal Police was important. Accordingly, Toran Shumsher was appointed Inspector General and was assigned the responsibility of handling the matter.
Dialogue with Mohan Shumsher:
Simply assigning the task of handling the matter to the police wasn’t enough – the situation also demanded political intervention. First, NC leaders decided to talk to Prime Minister Mohan Shumsher – in the hopes that a solution could be reached.
Therefore, one day, leaders B P Koirala, Subarna Shumsher and Ganesh Man Singh reached Mohan Shumsher’s residence to discuss the matter.
“Prime Minister, you must be aware of the havoc Khukuri Dal has been creating? The terrorist activities don’t only affect our present, but could also result in a situation which could affect our future. We request you to ask Khukuri Dal to stop their activities”, B P Koirala told Mohan Shumsher.
The Prime Minister did not however pay much attention to B P Koirala’s request. “Perhaps, he believed that we had reached out to him as we were out of opportunities – and that our lack of opportunity could be his opportunity to regain his political status” Singh shared with Mathbar Singh.
“However, he was wrong”, he added.
Ganesh Man Singh, who had remained silent until then, spoke:
“Prime Minister, to protect our government’s interest, to respect our public’s sentiment, and to ensure peace and stability in the country, it is important that the Gorkha Dal and Bharat Shumsher’s activities must be stopped. Else, this is going to be a bad situation for all of us, and the people will continue to suffer from their hands”, Singh added.
Singh’s words too were met with a hollow response – PM Mohan Shumsher did not offer any solution. Instead, Singh noticed that the Khukuri Dal’s activities further intensified after their dialogue.